Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Biography of John von Neumann †Computer Science Essay

Biography of John von Neumann – Computer Science Essay Free Online Research Papers Biography of John von Neumann Computer Science Essay John von Neumann, born Jnos von Neumann then later called Johnny in the United States. His father was named Max Neumann, a top banker and John was brought up living in Budapest where as a child he learned languages from the German and French tutors that were employed. Although the family was Jewish, his father did not observe the strict practice of Judaism and the household seemed to mix Jewish and Christian traditions In 1911 John entered school at the Lutheran Gymnasium. The school had a sturdy academic tradition. His math teacher quickly recognized von Neumanns intellect and he was given a scholarship. After World War I ended, a Communist government controlled Hungary for five months in 1919. The Neumann family fled to Austria because the wealthy came under fire. However, after one month, they returned to face their problems in Budapest. When the communist government failed, the fact that it had been largely made up of Jews meant that Jewish people were blamed. The fact that the Neumann family opposed the communist government did not keep them from being blamed as well. Von Neumann studied chemistry at the University of Berlin until 1923 when he went to Zurich. He attained outstanding results in the mathematics exams at the University of Budapest despite not attending any classes. In 1926, von Neumann received his diploma in chemical engineering from the Technische Hochschule in Zà ¼rich. Neumann married his fiancà ©e Marietta Kovesi before setting out for the United States in 1930. During the initial years that he was in the United States, von Neumann continued to go back to Europe during the summers. Until 1933 he still held academic positions in Germany but resigned these when the Nazis came to power. Von Neumann was one of the pioneers of computer science making important contributions to the development of logical design. He advanced the theory of cellular automata, supported the adoption of the bit as a measurement of computer memory, and solved problems in acquiring reliable answers from unreliable computer components. In 1955 President Eisenhower appointed him to the Atomic Energy Commission, and in 1956 he received the Enrico Fermi Award, knowing that he was terminally ill with cancer. John von Neumann played a key role in helping advance computers into what we know them as today, without his genius, computers would not play such an important role in our daily lives. Http://www.wikipedia.com/ http://cepa.newschool.edu/het/profiles/neumann.htm Research Papers on Biography of John von Neumann - Computer Science EssayAppeasement Policy Towards the Outbreak of World War 2Assess the importance of Nationalism 1815-1850 EuropeStandardized TestingPersonal Experience with Teen PregnancyQuebec and CanadaCapital PunishmentThe Effects of Illegal ImmigrationArguments for Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS)Never Been Kicked Out of a Place This NiceHip-Hop is Art

Monday, February 24, 2020

Presentation paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Presentation paper - Essay Example However, merit pay has been used to develop the standard payment structure that is common and applicable to all the employees (World at Work 60). Merit pay is as described as pay for performance based on the results set on a standard operative module. It is an approach to compensation that rewards well performing employee. It focuses on offering additional pay for the best performing employees. Despite the challenges, the merit pay system has several advantages. First, it enables the employer to differentiate between high and low performers in the company. Unlike the profit sharing or bonus pay schemes, it allows the employer to differentiate between performances of employees. While there are several programs and schemes are developed to reward overall performance of employees, merit pay offers compensation for strong performers. Merit pay allows the employer to recognize individual performance once meaning to continue benefiting from the scheme the employee must be able to continue the performing perfectly (Jiang, Xiao and Qi 67). Despite the numerous advantages of the scheme, it has been found that it does not offer a better support mechanism to the employees and the employer. The failure to address the essential issues that may affect performance both the group and individual makes the scheme non-effective. The scheme lacks accuracy affecting its ability to differentiate the ability of the individual employees. The success of the scheme has been reduced by the increasing dynamism in human behavior and factors that affect performance. The merit pay structure is different and creates a serious challenge in managing workers. The use of the total reward system has taken over the development of compensation structures. The total reward scheme is a program developed, by employers, to attract, motivate, and retain employees. The main focus of the program is to include everything the employee perceives to be value resulting from the employment relationships. The con cept has been advanced tremendously through evaluation and restructuring of the process of rewarding employees. When developing a total reward system, analyzing the need of every employee in the team (Jiang, Xiao and Qi 112). The development of a total reward scheme involves six steps with the first phase of the process in analyzing. The process of analyzing the needs of the employees includes the examining of the current policies. After analysis, the design process will involve the determination of compensation and the compensation strategies that can be employed in the process. During the design process, all the available approaches in total reward schemes. After the design, of the total reward scheme, the development of the plan and operation strategy involves the use of the various methods (World at Work 45). After the creation of the necessary plan and strategy, the plan must be communicated to the employees, so that they understand the reward scheme. Additionally, communicatio n in the company is vital because of the various reasons. Communication facilitates the development process, and the reasons of promotion and wage level setting. The success of the total reward scheme will depend on the various factors including the management design of the process (World at Work 213). The inclusion of all the factors that affect motivation and employee welfare will ensure that the total reward scheme is perfect. In conclusion, the total reward scheme is based on the inclusion of all

Saturday, February 8, 2020

How do UK companies' Mechanisms Affect and Help their Corporate Dissertation

How do UK companies' Mechanisms Affect and Help their Corporate Governance - Dissertation Example Throughout the entire period in fulfilling the objectives of this dissertation, I was greatly blessed with his extensive guidance and supervision over my work. I cannot complete this part without saying ‘thank you, sir’. Subsequent to that, my colleagues and friends who also played their part have extended their hand for my project; the successful culmination of this dissertation has also observed the role of my friends. For such contribution, I am also indebted to them. Abstract The purpose of this paper was to understand and highlight corporate governance mechanisms pursued by the different organizations. For this purpose, the annual reports were used to extract the relevant information. Subsequently, the empirical analysis was carried out the understand interplay between the financial performance and the corporate governance mechanisms. The results indicate that the strongly established corporate governance mechanisms considerably improve the financial performance. Th e results indicate that the companies having strong corporate governance mechanisms were experiencing strong financial performance. However, more focus should be given to cooperation and coordination between executive and non-executive directors. Table of Content Introduction 5 Literature Review 8 Methodology 11 UNILEVER PLC 13 TATE & LYLE PLC 18 TESCO PLC 21 THORNTONS PLC 24 SAINSBURY PLC 27 SABMILLER PLC 32 MORRISON PLC 35 MARKS & SPENCER PLC 38 DIAGEO PLC 41 DIARY CREST GROUP PLC 44 CRANSWICK PLC 47 BRITVIC PLC 51 BOOKER GROUP PLC 55 ASSOCIATED BRITISH FOODS PLC 61 A.G. BARR PLC 65 Conclusion and Recommendation 70 Bibliography 77 Appendices Introduction Board governance mechanism haves experienced the focus of a range of reports in the United Kingdom, especially the Cadbury Report (1992)1 and the Hampel Report (1998)2. However, from these reports along with the support of Green bury Report (1996)3 came the Combined Code of best practice.4 In the United Kingdom, companies are expe cted to understand and implement board structures in accordance with the principles and provisions of the Combined Code. As a prerequisite of listing on the London Stock Exchange, firms are required to include a corporate governance statement in their annual reports. The purpose of this inclusion is to mention the ways in which companies apply the principles and provisions of the Combined Code. Subsequently, this elaborates the concept of the ‘comply or explain’ rule for the companies registered in the United Kingdom. In this regard, it has been provided that the Combined Code mentions three significant corporate governance mechanisms: duality and setting up of board sub-committees and the number of Non-Executive Directors. A considerable amount of literature is available to highlight that boards should include and ensure a balance of Non-Executive and Executive Directors. In this regard, Raheja contended that Executive Directors provide benefit to companies because of the extent of their company-related information.5 In addition to that, various studies provide that Non-Executive Directors have a constructive and positive effect and studies find that boards dominated by the Non-Executive Directors have more tendencies to act in the best interests of the shareholders.6 The UK Combined Code of best practice have recommended that Non-Executive Directors should make up at least one-third of the Board and consequently there have been

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Huella Online Essay Example for Free

Huella Online Essay Introduction Huella Online Travel was an Internet travel portal Founded in 1999 in Kuala Lumpua, Malaysia targeting Greater China and Asian Pacific. It expanded into 10 different markets across Asia, including Hong Kong. Huella online travel sells travel related products and services to customers, on behalf of suppliers, such as airlines, car rentals and hotels. Problem Statement Hong Kong consumers have low interest in buying airline tickets online although internet penetration is quite high. Research Objectives Huella‘s Hong Kong site was launched in 2000. Revenue growth in Hong Kong had been less than expected. Huella market share in Hong Kong to be only 4% compared 9% in Singapore. In this regard, we seek to †¢To get a depth insight into Hong Kong online travel market †¢To find rationale behind low usage of online booking of airline tickets in Hong Kong especially people belonging to the age group of 18-35 †¢Perception of Huella brand and its Hong Kong website Research Design The research will be conducted with the help of survey through the feedback of questionnaires from a sample of 300 people (including both male and female) belonging to the age group of 18 to 35 and will be conducted online. The sample will focus students, business executives and leisure travellers. The respondents used to fill the questionnaire will be based on Random Sampling. DATA ANALYSIS The answers of the questions in the questionnaires will be analyzed on the basis of scale which may vary from question to question and is constructed at the time of preparation of the questionnaires. The results will be shown in terms of percentages and the graphical representation of people’s preferences in terms of percentages and ratios. BUDGET The overall cost may range from $ 2,000 to $ 3,000 approximately. SCHEDULE The Research may take Three months, according to the schedule as follow: ïÆ'ËœOne month for the questionnaires to be filled by respondents. ïÆ'ËœOne Month for the Data Analysis. ïÆ'ËœOne Moth for the preparation of Report.

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Arrhythmia :: essays research papers

Arrhythmia   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  I am doing my report on Arrhythmia. It affects the cardiac muscle, the heart. Arrhythmia causes three types of problems. It causes the heart to pump too slowly (bradycardia), it causes the heart to pump too fast (tachycardis), and it causes the heart to skip beats (palipations).   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Bradycardia can be very serious. Some of the symptoms are loss of consciousness, heart failure, or death. Slow heart rates are caused by heart block. The hearts natural pace-maker fails to be conducted to the ventricles, the hearts main pumping chambers. Some treatments can be used. An electronic pace-maker can be inserted and it will send electronic impulse to the heart stimulating it to beat at a normal rhythm. Pace-makers are only inserted when the heart beats too slow.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Tachycardis can also be very serious. It can lead to disabling symptoms and even death. When you have Tachycardis your heart rate is above 100 beats per minute. Tachycardis is caused by heart injuries from past times. Tachycardis usually occurs months or years after a heart attack. A treatment for Tachycardis can be inserting a device called a defibrillator. A defibrillator will detect and treat abnormally fast heart rhythms. The defibrillator monitors the heart and automatically gives electric shocks before Arrhythmia causes permanent damage. If the person does not have a defibrillator a strong electric shock will be given. The cause of Tachycardis is by something not functioning properly in the atria. They are sometimes stimulated by anxiety. Too much caffeine or alcohol and certain drugs can also be the cause. Attacks might last a few minutes or several days. They can be serious and sometimes not serious.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Palpitations happen when your heart skips beats. Palpitations have many different symptoms. Some of these symptoms are dizziness, fatigue or fainting as a result of the brain not getting enough oxygen rich blood, chest pain, shortness of breath, and death (which occurs rarely). Palpitations are caused by high blood pressure, mistral valve prolapse, Hyperthyroidism, Anemia, coronary artery disease, or stress, Anxiety, panic attacks, stimulants such as caffine, nicotine, and alcohol, heavy excursus, high consumption of nutmeg. There some treatments which you can do. You could try to hold your breath briefly, take a slow drink of cold water, wash your face in cold water, cough several times, and hold your nose and blow (it will pop

Monday, January 13, 2020

Knowledge, Love and Character Analysis on the Film “Last Night” by Don McKellar Essay

Knowledge is commonly defined as expertise and skills developed by a person out of an experience or from education. Basically, it is the theoretical or practical understanding of an issue or subject. It is what is known in a certain field or in other words, facts and information. It can also be defined as awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation (Kunii, Ramamoorthy, Ching, & Wu, 2007). Our brain is the one responsible for processing the data or information that a person receives. Aware or unconscious, everything that the brain encounters, is filtered and stored. For this reason, we acquire the knowledge and eventually learn new things. Learning is a huge part of human development. Knowledge is acquired through different means. It can be from learning or an experience. Learning can be stated as an acquisition and development of memories as well as behaviors which include skills, knowledge, understanding, wisdom and values. There is presently no agreed definition of knowledge but there are several existing theories about it. Knowledge acquisition involves a complex cognition processes like perception, communication, learning, reasoning, and association. The word â€Å"knowledge† is also used to define concrete understandings of a subject or context thus uses it for a specific purpose.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   In the movie â€Å"Last Night† by Don McKellar, this knowledge of possible future events are portrayed. The characters are subjected to a situation where they know that they only have few hours left to live. Their response on this issue changes their usual character trait making them do things they won’t usually do. Knowing that they only have six hours away from the very end, each character planned what they want to do with their remaining life. Like the case of Patrick Wheeler, an architect played by Don McKellar, after knowing that he’s only six hours away from death, decided to go home and face it alone in his apartment because of his wife’s death still hangs heavily upon him. Because his wife was already dead, it has greatly affected him and made him suffer in his solitude. It brought him the feeling of being incomplete. (Leong, 1998).   Patrick best portrays a type of love called Agape. It is often referred to as Divine Love and involves  Self-sacrificing love. Peter decided to sacrifice the chance of loving another woman. He only loved one woman – his beloved wife. Also, there are the characters like the young married woman (Sandra Oh), who rushed home planning to commit suicide along with her husband, but she got stuck across the town away from him and may not make in time fulfill the promise made. This portrayal of character exemplifies love where she wants companionship till her last breath. Her idea of true love is based whether they will end up together whatever happens. She believed that by doing this, she loves him that much that she is willing to die with him (Block, 1998). This type of love can be categorized as Mania. It is a kind of love could lead to obsession or craving. It can also lead to exaggerated feelings and excessiveness where one would willingly take his or her life because on the emotion. Patrick’s friend, Craig (Callum Keith Rennie), is a womanizer who intents on living out a compulsively detailed sexual wish-list. His character displays the love for pleasure. He wants to achieve his fantasies before his life come to an end. This symbolizes the type of love called Eros. It deals with sexual desires and considers that physical attraction is a way of expressing love. On the other hand, Duncan (played by director David Cronenberg) alertly calls each of his customers to assure them that their service will be continued until the final moment. On this part of the movie, Duncan displays the types of love called Philia or brotherly love. It represents the love that is generated or even related because of common goal or interest. It bonds every one in unity and cooperation. It also displays Storge, or friendship love, which expresses and involves respect and concern for another person’s interest and welfare. Patrick’s mother (Roberta Maxwell), after realizing the situation, insists that the family hold a pseudo-Christmas dinner (Block, 1998). She portrays love for her family and her satisfaction of seeing them together even at the very end. It can also serve as a celebration of the years of their life. Jennifer (Sarah Polley), Patrick’s sister, decided to go to a street party with her boyfriend Alex (Trent McMullen). This shows her love for her partner that she wants her last moments with him. This could portray Romantic love (venus). Each of the characters is trying to find a sense of achievement in their last hours, so that before their death they will be satisfied that they had not wasted their life. In overall, the movie emphasizes the human behavior towards the awareness of future events. It illustrates human response when one has the knowledge of what may occur. An individual, for the reason that his brain process the information, tends to think hard about it and make him draw conclusion, makes plans on what to do and others. This is because of complex learning and cognition which motivates the brain to function (Ormrod, 2007). There are still remaining types of love like Ludis or the flirtatious and teasing Love. This type of love is associated with a kind of love for teen agers. In this kind of love, game playing plays a big role of expressing love and it is like an outward expression of love. Furthermore, is most often intended to arouse another to physical attraction, which can lead to Eros â€Å"sexual Love†. Another is Pragma or the Logical Love which expresses unification though common goals and interests. It is the kind of love that is based on shared interests and common backgrounds. This love is influenced by a system of principles, and the application of reason, and deductions to common experiences that describe and define relationships among propositions in terms of implications, contradictions, and contrariety. (Records, 2007) References: Block, T. (1998). Last Night (1998) [Electronic Version]. Culturevulture: Choices for Cognoscenti. Retrieved October 20, 2007 from http://www.culturevulture.net/Movies/LastNight.htm. Kunii, T. L., Ramamoorthy, C. V., Ching, H., & Wu, T.-Y. (2007). Money, Health, and Happiness. Complete Automation Laboratory. Leong, A. (1998). Last Night Movie Review. Ormrod, J. E. (2007). Human Learning (5th ed.): Prentice Hall. Records, P. (2007). Love [Electronic Version]. Retrieved October 24, 2007 from http://proagency.tripod.com/love.html.